Saturday, October 11, 2008

General Safety rules and regulations in the workshop

GENERAL SAFETY RULES AND REGULATIONS IN THE WORKSHOP

1) Never work alone in the workshop, work at least in pairs. This is so because in case of industrial/workshop accident the other partner will be a helper (Ecclesiastes 4:9-10) it’s all about Teamwork.



2) Think about what you are doing; think before you start a job and during the entire time you are doing it. Remember that your own personal caution is of more value to you than all the safeguards that can be set up.

3) Know where the main switch is. This stops processes immediately should anything go wrong in the industry.

4) Smoking and carrying matches or naked flames by employees is prohibited in and about the complex except in zone specifically designed for such purposes. Safety section must see that “No smoking” signs are placed in and about their area to warn the employee and visitors.

5) When work is being done which requires the wearing of a safety belt, the supervisor in charge shall determine whether or not stand-by personnel are required, and if necessary, will provide suitable personnel.

6) Any one working at or going to any plant area in the complex must wear a safety cap and safety shoes.

7) Always use a safety belt when working at height such as on stacks or columns where the danger of falling exists.

8) Do not tamper with or attempt to repair equipment or instruments which you do not understand.

9) Ability to communicate with the outside world, very important. This is usually achieved by the installation of telephones. Important phone numbers should include the following in Emergency cases;

a. Fire Service number

b. Ambulance number

c. Police number

d. NEPA/PHCN number

10) Defective tools are dangerous, do not use them. In fact never use a tool except for its proper purpose.

11) Metal ladders may not be used for electrical work and must not be used near electrical circuits or equipment.

12) Machines must be rendered inoperative by the removal of fuses or locking out of moving parts. Replace guards before equipment is put back in operation.

13) Provide a first Aid Box.

14) Protective valve caps must be placed on all cylinders (oxygen, acetylene, ammonia, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, butane or propane, chlorine, etc.) at all times when not in use or in transit.

15) Guards may not be removed from equipment while it is in operation and equipment must never be operated with guards removed.

16) Goggles or shield must be used when working on emery wheels, using wire brushes, chipping, etc; or any other circumstances where eye hazards exist.

17) Only authorized employees from the Electrical section may operate switch gear, apart from routine stopping and starting of motors and lighting.

18) When electrically-driven equipment is shut down for repairs, the electrical circuits must be isolated before commence.

19) All injuries must be reported immediately by completing the official “Accident report form”. No employee who is feeling ill or suffering from after effects of injuries or illness should be permitted to report to work, without the doctor’s permission.

20) Make a close safety inspection of the work area before a job is undertaken whether or not the related equipment is company owned, operated or maintained.

21) Avoid carrying tools and materials which will prevent reasonably free use of the hands in going up or coming down ladders or structures.

22) Employee must not be permitted to use any make shift apparatus of any type which involves the use of compressed air, steam, gas, oil, gasoline or electricity without the approval of his supervisor.

23) Before turning on electricity, steam, gas, or water, or setting in motion any machinery, equipment, investigate to be sure that no one is in a position to be injured.

24) Keep your hands off machinery that you are not operating or repairing.

25) Report all leaks of any nature and size at once. Be at alert for defective and dangerous runways, railings, ladders, cables, switches, pressure gauges and the absence of safeguards. If any unsafe act/practice/condition is seen, it should be corrected or reported by the employee immediately.

26) All ropes should be tested before trusting your life to them.

27) Special care must be taken in the dismantling and erection of scaffolds and handling tools and materials to and from scaffolds or other elevated work levels. Warning signs should be placed at the ground level that would indicate that work is being done overhead. Arrange tools and/or any materials on scaffolds and other elevated places or work in such a position to prevent them from falling and injuring people below.

28) Pressure must be released before repair work is started on lines, vessels, pumps, etc.

29) The use of gasoline for cleaning purpose of any nature is prohibited. A cleaning solvent should be used in cleaning orifice meters, instruments, and electrical motors.

30) All stairways, platforms and walk ways must be kept clear at all times.

31) Rubber gloves and eye protection material must be used in the handling of acids, caustic, and bactericides.

32) The use of propane or other hydrocarbon product to shrink posts by chilling is prohibited. When a shrinking agent is needed for shafts or pins, dry ice, liquid nitrogen, or carbon dioxide may be used with adequate precautions.

33) In areas where hydrogen sulphide, carbon dioxide, or other toxic gas is encountered the supervisor will determine when, and under what conditions, gas masks will be worn. Employees entering tanks, or other confined places must have the approval of the supervisor, and he will determine the safety precautions that must be taken.

34) Wear no loose hanging garments; wear smart fitting overalls if possible. No dangling ear-rings, necklaces, chains, watches, etc. this is as things lie long-ties may get into the machine and in the process of trying to free it, the operator may find him/herself trapped in the machine.

35) Ensure that you wear prospective helmets, steel-capped boots, hand gloves, goggles (shields) and other protective wears as the workshop demands.

36) The female gender should also take note of all the above.

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